BEIJING Millions of Chinese public sector workers will be exposed to the harsh policing tactics of the Communist Party as President Xi Jinping brings his corruption crackdown to Chinas sprawling bureaucracy.
The campaign to clean up the partys pervasive corruption has arguably been Xis most popular initiative, pressuring its 89 million members to toe the line with more than 1.5 million officials punished in the past five years.
Legislators are finalizing the creation of a new anti-graft apparatus that will also watch over non-party members everyone from managers at state-owned companies to people in administrative roles at schools and hospitals.
In Beijing alone, one of the areas where the new system was established on a pilot basis, the number of people under scrutiny quadrupled to 1 million, or about 5 percent of the citys population, officials said.
New national and local supervision commissions investigative agencies focused on corruption will operate alongside the Communist Partys Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), sharing offices, personnel and perhaps leadership.
Further blurring the line between the state and party bodies, the National Peoples Congress (NPC) on Sunday named CCDI Deputy Secretary Yang Xiaodu as head of the National Supervision Commission.
The anti-corruption powers are dispersed, explained one party leader during the NPC, saying the new body will harness and unify anti-graft efforts.
The congress also appointed Premier Li Keqiang, the No. 2 leader of the Communist Party, to a second five-year term Sunday. The premier traditionally is Chinas top economic official but Xi has stripped Li of many of the posts most prominent duties by appointing himself to lead party bodies that oversee economic reform and state industry.
Rights groups worry the new body will institutionalize some of the problems that have led to abuses and even torture of suspects, while vastly expanding the number of people under its purview.
The system has a veneer of legal legitimacy, said Maya Wang, China researcher at Human Rights Watch (HRW), without any meaningful improvements to guarantee due process.
Legislators wrote the new supervision commissions into the count...